Arnold Toynbee (1889-1975)
Historian, Arnold Toynbee, was a major interpreter of Human Civilization
in the 20th Century. His massive research,
A Study Of History-in 12 volumes, was published between
1934 and 1961.
Toynbee's visit to Cartagena, while standing in front of the fortifications
that defended this great city from attempted
invasions by the King of England, Toynbee said:
(CARTAGENA) is the reason that South America
does not speak English"